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৪১তম বিসিএস প্রিলিমিনারি প্রস্তুতি: English Language and Literature
Part-I: Language 20
A . Parts of Speech
- The word ‘diabetic’ is both - Noun and adjective.
- The boy writes well. Here ‘well’ is - An adverb.
- ‘Duck’ is the feminine gender of-. - Drake.
- The adjective of the word ‘Humanity’ is - Humane.
- The plural form of the word ‘deer’ is - Deer.
B . Idioms & Phrases
- In the nick of time - In appropriate time.
- Black and blue - Mercilessly.
- To blaze trail - To initiate work in a movement.
- Vice-versa - The terms being exchanged.
C . Clauses (Underlined Words)
- I know where he lives. - Noun clause.
- The boy who came here is my brother. - Adjective clause.
- He asked me why I was late. - Noun clause.
- I knew the reason why he was angry. - Adjective clause.
- Behave as a gentle man behaves. - Adverbial Clause.
D. Corrections
- Inc: The doctor saw my pulse.
Cor: The doctor felt my pulse.
- Inc : He is blind to his eyes.
Cor: He is blind of his eyes.
- Inc : I have no pen to write.
Cor : I have no pen to write with.
- Inc : He was hunged for murder.
Cor : He was hanged for murder.
- Inc : He goes there last night.
Cor : He went there last night.
E. Transformation of Sentences
- Affir : Both Rajib and Adeeb did this.
Neg : Not only Rajib but also Adeeb did this.
-Affir : Only Rina can do this sum.
Neg : None but Rina can do this sum.
-Simple : We eat to live.
Complex: We eat so that we may live.
Compound: We eat and live.

F. Words
(i) Meanings (One word Substitution)
- Study of influence of planets and starts - Astrology.
- Practising two marriages - Bigamy.
- A person giving up his faith - Apostate.
- A process of printing from a plate - Lithography.
- A person who eats excessively - Glutton.

(ii) Synonyms
Banish - Exile
Expunge - Eradicate
Abortive - Unsuccessful
Resentment - Anger
Initiative - Enterprise
Manifestation - Presentation.

(iii) Antonyms
Zeal - Apathy
Indigenous - Alien
Cowardice - Courage
Demur - Accept
Amalgamate - Separate
Incongruous - Appropriate
Demise - Birth
Magnify - Belittle

(iv) Spellings
Collaboration
Colleague
Diarrhoea
Humorous
Secretariat
Embarrass
Supersede
Surveillance
Questionnaire
Nominee
Renaissance.

(v) Usage of words as various Parts of speech
- The verb form of ‘democracy’ - Democratize.
- The adverb form of ‘habituate’ - Habitually.
- The noun form of ‘voluntary’ - Volunteer.
- The noun form of the word ‘prosper’ is - Prosperity.

(vi) Formation of new words by adding Prefixes and Suffixes:
Prefixes:
- Dis - Disobedience, Dissatisfaction, Disqualification
- En - Enjoy, Enact, Enable
- Im - Impatient, Immortalize, Immature.
Suffixes:
- ier - Supplier, Purifier, Qualifier
- sion - Admission, Permission, Submission
- ize - Civilize, Apologize, Visualize.
G. Composition
- The last sentence of a paragraph is called a--. -- Terminator.
- In the greetings ‘my dear’ is used in--. --Informal letter.
- The elaborations of topic sentence are- Supporting details.
- A letter has-- Six parts.

Part-II: Literature 15
Literary Periods, Terms and Writers
- The beginning and ending dates of the Elizabethan era are- 1558-1603.
- The beginning of the Renaissance may be fraced to the city of - Florence.
- Romantic Period in English literature refers to- 1798-1832.
- ‘Jacobean Period’ of English literature refers to- 1603-1625.
- ‘Renaissance’ means- The revival of learning.
- Elizabeth Tragedy is centered on- Revenge.

Authors, Works and Types
- ‘Guy de Maupassant’ is a famous short story writer from- France.
- John Keats belonged to- Nineteenth century.
- In the poem ‘To Daffodils’ the poet weeps over--. -Short-lived human life.
- If a part of a speech or writing breaks the theme, it is called- Digression.
- The character ‘Ophelia’ is a creation of--. - Shakespeare.
- ‘Water, water everywhere, not a drop to drink’ occurs in - The Rime of the Ancient Mariner.
- ‘A Tale of a Tub’ is a famous work by--Jonathan Swift.
- Shakespeare’s ‘Measure for measure’ is a successful-. - comedy.
- Thomas Gray is famous for his- .-Elegies.
- Caesar and Cleopatra is-- A play be G.B. Shaw.
- The Rainbow is- A novel by D.H. Lawrence.
- The poet of Beauty is- John Keats.
- Shakespeare is known mostly for his--. - Plays.
- Faerie Queen by Edmund Spenser is -- an epic.
- Shakespeare was born in the year--. -- 1564.
- The drama ‘Man and Superman’ written by - G. B. Shaw.
- Jonathan Swift is the author of - Gulliver’s travels.
- The person famous for the theory of ‘Objective Correlative is- T.S. Eliot.
- Paradise Regaind was written by - John Milton.
- ‘To be or not to be’ is a famous soliloquy from - Hamlet.

Quotations
- ‘Amusement is the happiness of those who can not think’ is told by - Alexander Pope.
- ‘Our sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest thought’ - P.B. Shelley.
- Opportunity makes a thief - Francis Bacon.
- Brevity is the soul of wit. - William Shakespeare.
- He who has never hoped can never despair. - G. B. Shaw.
- Full Many a flower is born to blush unseen. And waste it sweetness on the desert air. - Thomas Gray.
- Ten thousand saw at a glance tossing their heads in sprightly dance - William Wordsworth.
- Some book are to be tasted, other to be swallowed. And some few to be chewed and digested. - Francis Bacon.

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