ইংরেজি ব্যাকরণ বিষয়ক আলোচনা
By rafique
#1996
Part-I: Language #20
A. Parts of Speech

- An adjective modifies - Noun.
- Piya has slept only three hours.
Here ‘only’ is an - Adverb.
- The correct derivative of ‘book’ is - Bookish.
- The jury found the prisoner guilty. Here ‘jury’ is a - Collective Noun.
- ‘I cut myself.’ Here ‘myself’ is a - Reflexive Pronoun.

B. Idioms & Phrases

Pass the buck - To pass the blame to someone else.
Down to earth - Realistic.
Achilles heel - A weak point.
Turned over a new leaf - Opened a new chapter.
Tall talk - Exaggeration.

C. Clauses (Underlined Words)

- I think that he is an honest man. - Noun clause.
- I made him what he wanted to be. - Noun clause.
- I know the man who helped him. - Adjective clause.
- I bought a pen which is red. - Adjective clause.
- He talks as if he were pundit. - Adverbial clause.

D. Corrections

- Inc: He goes there last night.
Cor: He went there last night.
- Inc: Work hard lest you will fail.
Cor: Work hard lest you should fail.
- Inc: It is high time he go there.
Cor: It is high time he went there.
- Inc: He always tells the truth.
Cor: He always speaks the truth.

E. Transformation of Sentences

- Ass: I was sincere to may duties.
Int: Was I not sincere to my duties?
- Ass: It is a very beautiful garden.
Exc: What a beautiful garden it is!
- Simple: I saw a bird flying in the sky.
Complex: I saw a bird which was flying in the sky.
Compound: I saw a bird and it was flying in the sky.
- Active: Let him do the work.
Passive: Let the work be done by him.

F. Words

(i) Meanings (One word Substitution)

- A place where money is coined - Mint.
- Animals sucking their mother breasts - Mammals.
- A place where aeroplanes are kept - Hangar.
- Study of influence of place and stars - Astrology.

(ii) Synonyms

Inception - Outset
Competent - Capable
Coherent - Consistent
Dwindle - Drop
Jovial - Gay
Speed money - Bribe
Genesis - Beginning
Handy - Useful
Occupy - Grab
Scream - Yell.

(iii) Antonyms
Deleterious - Harmless
Cynical - Gullible
Sluggish - Animated
Famous - Obscure
Liberty - Bondage
Belittle - Glorify
Demon -Angel
Bustle - Calm
Abandon - Retain
Awesome - Disgusting.

(iv) Spellings

Accelerate
Supersede
Leisure
Satellite
Commemorate
Maintenance
Questionnaire
Miscreant
Hierarchy
Temperament
Commission.

(v) Usage of words as various Parts of speech

- The noun form of the word ‘Prosper’ is - Prosperity.
- The adjective form of the word ‘Sympathy’ is - Sympathetic.
- The adjective form of the word ‘Hope’ is - Hopeful.
- The verb form of the word ‘Survival’ is - Survive.

(vi) Formation of new words by adding Prefixes and Suffixes:

Prefix
- Dis: Disgraceful, Disqualified, Disloyal, Discomfort, Discharge, Disconnect.
- Be: Become, Behold, Beset, Besiege, Behead, Bemuse, Beside.

Suffix

- Sion: Invasion, Submission, Conversion, Inversion, Omission, Admission, Permission.
- Ment: Enlightenment, Assessment, Concealment, Embankment, Agreement, Statement.

G. Composition

- A paragraph has - parts. - three
- Cohesion and coherence is essential in - Paragraph.
- The main part of a letter is-Subject.
- In report writing it is needed to mention - Date and place.
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